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There are 2, known species of plants found in Israel. Of these, at least species are introduced and non-native.
Tiberias and the Sea of Galilee. Field of Anemone coronaria , national flower of Israel. Makhtesh Ramon , a type of crater unique to Israel and the Sinai Peninsula.
As of , Israel's population was an estimated 9,,, of whom Exact figures are unknown, as many of them are living in the country illegally,  but estimates run from ,  to , Israel was established as a homeland for the Jewish people and is often referred to as a Jewish state.
The country's Law of Return grants all Jews and those of Jewish ancestry the right to Israeli citizenship.
Three quarters of the population are Jews from a diversity of Jewish backgrounds. Jews who left or fled Arab and Muslim countries and their descendants, including both Mizrahi and Sephardi Jews,  form most of the rest of the Jewish population.
In addition to the West Bank settlements, there were more than , Jews living in East Jerusalem ,  and 22, in the Golan Heights. There are four major metropolitan areas: Gush Dan Tel Aviv metropolitan area; population 3,, , Jerusalem metropolitan area population 1,, , Haifa metropolitan area population , , and Beersheba metropolitan area population , Israel has 16 cities with populations over , In all, there are 77 Israeli localities granted "municipalities" or "city" status by the Ministry of the Interior,  four of which are in the West Bank.
Israel has one official language, Hebrew. Arabic had been an official language of the State of Israel;  in it was downgraded to having a 'special status in the state' with its use by state institutions to be set in law.
Arabic is spoken by the Arab minority, with Hebrew taught in Arab schools. As a country of immigrants , many languages can be heard on the streets.
Due to mass immigration from the former Soviet Union and Ethiopia some , Ethiopian Jews live in Israel ,   Russian and Amharic are widely spoken.
English was an official language during the Mandate period; it lost this status after the establishment of Israel, but retains a role comparable to that of an official language,    as may be seen in road signs and official documents.
Many Israelis communicate reasonably well in English, as many television programs are broadcast in English with subtitles and the language is taught from the early grades in elementary school.
In addition, Israeli universities offer courses in the English language on various subjects. Muslims constitute Israel's largest religious minority, making up about The city of Jerusalem is of special importance to Jews, Muslims, and Christians, as it is the home of sites that are pivotal to their religious beliefs, such as the Old City that incorporates the Western Wall and the Temple Mount , the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
Kababir , Haifa's mixed neighbourhood of Jews and Ahmadi Arabs is one of a few of its kind in the country, others being Jaffa , Acre , other Haifa neighborhoods, Harish and Upper Nazareth.
Education is highly valued in the Israeli culture and was viewed as a fundamental block of ancient Israelites. Israel has a school life expectancy of 16 years and a literacy rate of The public secular is the largest school group, and is attended by the majority of Jewish and non-Arab pupils in Israel.
Most Arabs send their children to schools where Arabic is the language of instruction. Proficiency in core subjects such as mathematics, the Hebrew language , Hebrew and general literature, the English language , history, Biblical scripture and civics is necessary to receive a Bagrut certificate.
This figure has remained stable in their already high levels of educational attainment over recent generations.
Israel has a tradition of higher education where its quality university education has been largely responsible in spurring the nations modern economic development.
Ariel University , in the West Bank , is the newest university institution, upgraded from college status, and the first in over thirty years.
Israel is a parliamentary democracy with universal suffrage. A member of parliament supported by a parliamentary majority becomes the prime minister —usually this is the chair of the largest party.
The prime minister is the head of government and head of the cabinet. Israel is governed by a member parliament, known as the Knesset. Membership of the Knesset is based on proportional representation of political parties ,  with a 3.
The Basic Laws of Israel function as an uncodified constitution. In , the Knesset began to draft an official constitution based on these laws. The president of Israel is head of state , with limited and largely ceremonial duties.
Israel has no official religion,    but the definition of the state as " Jewish and democratic " creates a strong connection with Judaism, as well as a conflict between state law and religious law.
Interaction between the political parties keeps the balance between state and religion largely as it existed during the British Mandate.
Israel has a three-tier court system. At the lowest level are magistrate courts, situated in most cities across the country. Above them are district courts , serving as both appellate courts and courts of first instance ; they are situated in five of Israel's six districts.
The third and highest tier is the Supreme Court , located in Jerusalem; it serves a dual role as the highest court of appeals and the High Court of Justice.
In the latter role, the Supreme Court rules as a court of first instance, allowing individuals, both citizens and non-citizens, to petition against the decisions of state authorities.
Israel's legal system combines three legal traditions: English common law , civil law , and Jewish law. Court cases are decided by professional judges rather than juries.
The election of judges is carried out by a committee of two Knesset members, three Supreme Court justices, two Israeli Bar members and two ministers one of which, Israel's justice minister , is the committee's chairman.
The committee's members of the Knesset are secretly elected by the Knesset, and one of them is traditionally a member of the opposition, the committee's Supreme Court justices are chosen by tradition from all Supreme Court justices by seniority, the Israeli Bar members are elected by the bar, and the second minister is appointed by the Israeli cabinet.
The current justice minister and committee's chairwoman is Ayelet Shaked. Both General and Labor courts are paperless courts: the storage of court files, as well as court decisions, are conducted electronically.
As a result of " Enclave law ", large portions of Israeli civil law are applied to Israeli settlements and Israeli residents in the occupied territories.
All of the Judea and Samaria Area and parts of the Jerusalem and Northern districts are not recognized internationally as part of Israel.
Since Israel's capture of these territories, Israeli settlements and military installations have been built within each of them, except Lebanon.
The Golan Heights and East Jerusalem have been fully incorporated into Israel under Israeli law, but not under international law.
Israel has applied civilian law to both areas and granted their inhabitants permanent residency status and the ability to apply for citizenship.
The UN Security Council has declared the annexation of the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem to be "null and void" and continues to view the territories as occupied.
The West Bank excluding East Jerusalem is known in Israeli law as the Judea and Samaria Area ; the almost , Israeli settlers residing in the area are considered part of Israel's population, have Knesset representation, a large part of Israel's civil and criminal laws applied to them, and their output is considered part of Israel's economy.
Israeli political opposition to annexation is primarily due to the perceived "demographic threat" of incorporating the West Bank's Palestinian population into Israel.
The international community maintains that Israel does not have sovereignty in the West Bank, and considers Israel's control of the area to be the longest military occupation is modern history.
Only Britain recognized this annexation and Jordan has since ceded its claim to the territory to the PLO. The population are mainly Palestinians , including refugees of the Arab—Israeli War.
Since the Israel—PLO letters of recognition , most of the Palestinian population and cities have been under the internal jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority , and only partial Israeli military control, although Israel has on several occasions redeployed its troops and reinstated full military administration during periods of unrest.
In response to increasing attacks during the Second Intifada , the Israeli government started to construct the Israeli West Bank barrier.
The Gaza Strip is considered to be a "foreign territory" under Israeli law; however, since Israel operates a land, air, and sea blockade of the Gaza Strip , together with Egypt, the international community considers Israel to be the occupying power.
The Gaza Strip was occupied by Egypt from to and then by Israel after In , as part of Israel's unilateral disengagement plan , Israel removed all of its settlers and forces from the territory, however, it continues to maintain control of its airspace and waters.
The international community, including numerous international humanitarian organizations and various bodies of the UN, consider Gaza to remain occupied.
The International Court of Justice , principal judicial organ of the UN, asserted, in its advisory opinion on the legality of the construction of the Israeli West Bank barrier , that the lands captured by Israel in the Six-Day War, including East Jerusalem, are occupied territory.
State Department ,  mass arbitrary arrests, torture, unlawful killings, systemic abuses and impunity by Amnesty International and others       and a denial of the right to Palestinian self-determination.
It has diplomatic missions around the world;  countries with whom they have no diplomatic relations include most Muslim countries.
Despite the peace treaty between Israel and Egypt, Israel is still widely considered an enemy country among Egyptians.
The United States and the Soviet Union were the first two countries to recognize the State of Israel, having declared recognition roughly simultaneously.
Although Turkey and Israel did not establish full diplomatic relations until ,  Turkey has cooperated with the Jewish state since its recognition of Israel in Turkey's ties to the other Muslim-majority nations in the region have at times resulted in pressure from Arab and Muslim states to temper its relationship with Israel.
The joint Cyprus-Israel oil and gas explorations centered on the Leviathan gas field are an important factor for Greece, given its strong links with Cyprus.
Azerbaijan is one of the few majority Muslim countries to develop bilateral strategic and economic relations with Israel. Azerbaijan supplies Israel with a substantial amount of its oil needs, and Israel has helped modernize the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan.
India established full diplomatic ties with Israel in and has fostered a strong military, technological and cultural partnership with the country since then.
Israel has a history of providing emergency aid and humanitarian response teams to disasters across the world.
The program's focus subsequently shifted to Africa. In recent years Israel has tried to reestablish its aid to Africa.
In six nations reached the UN target. The IDF consists of the army , air force and navy. It was founded during the Arab—Israeli War by consolidating paramilitary organizations—chiefly the Haganah —that preceded the establishment of the state.
Most Israelis are drafted into the military at the age of Men serve two years and eight months and women two years.
Most women are exempt from reserve duty. Arab citizens of Israel except the Druze and those engaged in full-time religious studies are exempt from military service , although the exemption of yeshiva students has been a source of contention in Israeli society for many years.
The nation's military relies heavily on high-tech weapons systems designed and manufactured in Israel as well as some foreign imports.
The Arrow missile is one of the world's few operational anti-ballistic missile systems. Israel is widely believed to possess nuclear weapons  as well as chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction.
Since Israel's establishment, military expenditure constituted a significant portion of the country's gross domestic product , with peak of Israel is considered the most advanced country in Western Asia and the Middle East in economic and industrial development.
Despite limited natural resources, intensive development of the agricultural and industrial sectors over the past decades has made Israel largely self-sufficient in food production, apart from grains and beef.
Israel has one of the lowest external debts in the developed world, and is a lender in terms of net external debt assets vs. Israel has the second-largest number of startup companies in the world after the United States,  and the third-largest number of NASDAQ-listed companies after the U.
Days of working time in Israel are Sunday through Thursday for a five-day workweek , or Friday for a six-day workweek. In observance of Shabbat , in places where Friday is a work day and the majority of population is Jewish, Friday is a "short day", usually lasting until in the winter, or in the summer.
Several proposals have been raised to adjust the work week with the majority of the world, and make Sunday a non-working day, while extending working time of other days or replacing Friday with Sunday as a work day.
Israel's development of cutting-edge technologies in software, communications and the life sciences have evoked comparisons with Silicon Valley. The ongoing shortage of water in the country has spurred innovation in water conservation techniques, and a substantial agricultural modernization , drip irrigation , was invented in Israel.
Israel is also at the technological forefront of desalination and water recycling. The Sorek desalination plant is the largest seawater reverse osmosis SWRO desalination facility in the world.
As a result of innovations in reverse osmosis technology, Israel is set to become a net exporter of water in the coming years.
Israel has embraced solar energy ; its engineers are on the cutting edge of solar energy technology  and its solar companies work on projects around the world.
It was thought that this would have lowered Israel's oil dependency and lowered the fuel costs of hundreds of Israel's motorists that use cars powered only by electric batteries.
Israel is served by two international airports , Ben Gurion Airport , the country's main hub for international air travel near Tel Aviv, and Ramon Airport , which serves the southernmost port city of Eilat.
There are several small domestic airports as well. Tourism, especially religious tourism , is an important industry in Israel, with the country's temperate climate, beaches , archaeological , other historical and biblical sites, and unique geography also drawing tourists.
Israel's security problems have taken their toll on the industry, but the number of incoming tourists is on the rebound.
Israel began producing natural gas from its own offshore gas fields in Between and , Israel had imported gas from Egypt via the al- Arish—Ashkelon pipeline , which was terminated due to Egyptian Crisis of — In , a natural gas reserve, Tamar , was found near the coast of Israel.
A second natural gas reserve, Leviathan , was discovered in In , Israel began commercial production of natural gas from the Tamar field.
As of [update] , Israel produced over 7. Ketura Sun is Israel's first commercial solar field. Built in early by the Arava Power Company on Kibbutz Ketura , Ketura Sun covers twenty acres and is expected to produce green energy amounting to 4.
The field consists of 18, photovoltaic panels made by Suntech , which will produce about 9 gigawatt-hours GWh of electricity per year.
Israel's diverse culture stems from the diversity of its population. Jews from diaspora communities around the world brought their cultural and religious traditions back with them, creating a melting pot of Jewish customs and beliefs.
Work and school holidays are determined by the Jewish holidays , and the official day of rest is Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath.
Israeli literature is primarily poetry and prose written in Hebrew , as part of the renaissance of Hebrew as a spoken language since the midth century, although a small body of literature is published in other languages, such as English.
By law, two copies of all printed matter published in Israel must be deposited in the National Library of Israel at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
In , the law was amended to include audio and video recordings, and other non-print media. Israeli music contains musical influences from all over the world; Mizrahi and Sephardic music , Hasidic melodies, Greek music , jazz , and pop rock are all part of the music scene.
Israel has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest nearly every year since , winning the competition four times and hosting it twice.
The movie Ajami was the third consecutive nomination of an Israeli film. Continuing the strong theatrical traditions of the Yiddish theatre in Eastern Europe, Israel maintains a vibrant theatre scene.
Founded in , Habima Theatre in Tel Aviv is Israel's oldest repertory theater company and national theater. The Israel Museum in Jerusalem is one of Israel's most important cultural institutions  and houses the Dead Sea Scrolls ,  along with an extensive collection of Judaica and European art.
Israel has the highest number of museums per capita in the world. Mayer Institute for Islamic Art , both in Jerusalem. The Rockefeller specializes in archaeological remains from the Ottoman and other periods of Middle East history.
It is also the home of the first hominid fossil skull found in Western Asia, called Galilee Man. Israeli cuisine includes local dishes as well as Jewish cuisine brought to the country by immigrants from the diaspora.
Since the establishment of the state in , and particularly since the late s, an Israeli fusion cuisine has developed. It incorporates many foods traditionally eaten in the Levantine , Arab , Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisines, such as falafel , hummus , shakshouka , couscous , and za'atar.
Schnitzel , pizza , hamburgers , French fries , rice and salad are also common in Israel. Roughly half of the Israeli-Jewish population attests to keeping kosher at home.
The most popular spectator sports in Israel are association football and basketball. The Asian Games , held in Tehran, were the last Asian Games in which Israel participated , plagued by the Arab countries that refused to compete with Israel.
Israel was excluded from the Asian Games and since then has not competed in Asian sport events. Chess is a leading sport in Israel and is enjoyed by people of all ages.
There are many Israeli grandmasters and Israeli chess players have won a number of youth world championships. The Ministry of Education and the World Chess Federation agreed upon a project of teaching chess within Israeli schools, and it has been introduced into the curriculum of some schools.
Owing partly to Soviet immigration, it is home to the largest number of chess grandmasters of any city in the world. Israeli grandmaster Boris Gelfand won the Chess World Cup  and the Candidates Tournament for the right to challenge the world champion.
He only lost the World Chess Championship to reigning world champion Anand after a speed-chess tie breaker. Israel has won nine Olympic medals since its first win in , including a gold medal in windsurfing at the Summer Olympics.
The Summer Paralympics were hosted by Israel. Israeli tennis champion Shahar Pe'er ranked 11th in the world on 31 January Its effectiveness and practical approach to self-defense, have won it widespread admiration and adherence around the world.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Country in Western Asia. This article is about the State of Israel. For other uses, see Israel disambiguation.
Website www. Main article: History of Israel. Further information: Prehistory of the Levant. Main article: History of ancient Israel and Judah.
Main article: Second Temple period. Further information: Hasmonean dynasty , Herodian dynasty , and Jewish—Roman wars.
The Maccabaeans will rise again. Let me repeat once more my opening words: The Jews wish to have a State, and they shall have one.
We shall live at last as free men on our own soil, and die peacefully in our own home. The world will be freed by our liberty, enriched by our wealth, magnified by our greatness.
And whatever we attempt there to accomplish for our own welfare will react with beneficent force for the good of humanity.
Further information: Arab—Israeli conflict. Play media. Further information: Israeli—Palestinian peace process and Iran—Israel proxy conflict.
Main articles: Geography of Israel and Wildlife of Israel. Geography of Israel. Coastal plain. Judaean Mountains.
Jordan Valley. Levantine Sea Mediterranean. Dead Sea. Gulf of Eilat. West Bank. Gaza Strip. Satellite images of Israel and neighboring territories during the day left and night right.
Further information: List of earthquakes in the Levant. Main articles: Demographics of Israel and Israelis. For a more comprehensive list, see List of cities in Israel.
Main article: Languages of Israel. Main articles: Religion in Israel and Abrahamic religions. Religion in Israel v t e. Until , figures for Christians also included Others.
Main article: Education in Israel. Main articles: Politics of Israel and Israeli system of government. See also: Criticism of the Israeli government.
President Reuven Rivlin. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Main articles: Judiciary of Israel and Israeli law.
Main article: Districts of Israel. Districts of Israel. Tel Aviv. Judea and Samaria Area. Main articles: Israeli-occupied territories and Israeli occupation of the West Bank.
Israeli-occupied territories. Southern Lebanon occupation Sinai occupation. Jordan Valley annexation West Bank annexation.
Main articles: Foreign relations of Israel , International recognition of Israel , and Israeli foreign aid. Diplomatic relations. Diplomatic relations suspended.
Former diplomatic relations. No diplomatic relations, but former trade relations. No diplomatic relations. Main articles: Israel Defense Forces and Israeli security forces.
Further information: List of wars involving Israel , List of the Israel Defense Forces operations , and Israel and weapons of mass destruction.
Main article: Economy of Israel. Main articles: Science and technology in Israel and List of Israeli inventions and discoveries.
Main article: Transport in Israel. Main article: Tourism in Israel. See also: List of archaeological sites in Israel and the Palestinian territories.
Main article: Energy in Israel. Main article: Culture of Israel. Main article: Israeli literature. Main articles: Music of Israel and Dance in Israel.
Main article: Cinema of Israel. Main article: Media of Israel. For a more comprehensive list, see List of Israeli museums.
Main article: Israeli cuisine. Main article: Sport in Israel. See Status of Jerusalem for more information.
Gaza is still considered to be " occupied " by the United Nations, international human rights organisations, and the majority of governments and legal commentators, despite the Israeli disengagement from Gaza , due to various forms of ongoing military and economic control.
For more details of this terminology dispute, including with respect to the current status of the Gaza Strip, see International views on the Israeli-occupied territories and Status of territories captured by Israel.
For an explanation of the differences between an annexed but disputed territory e. BBC News. Retrieved 14 August Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 6 December The Czech Republic currently, before the peace between Israel and Palestine is signed, recognizes Jerusalem to be in fact the capital of Israel in the borders of the demarcation line from The Times of Israel.
Infobae in Spanish. Guatemala's embassy was located in Jerusalem until the s, when it was moved to Tel Aviv. Israel National News. Embassy to Move".
The New York Times. The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 4 September The Guardian. Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 8 August Knesset website.
The Arabic language has a special status in the state; Regulating the use of Arabic in state institutions or by them will be set in law.
Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 7 May Retrieved 20 February Retrieved 27 December International Monetary Fund.
Retrieved 23 March Retrieved 29 June United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 24 September Retrieved 26 December Globalization and World Cities Research Network.
Retrieved 1 March The refusal to recognize Jerusalem as Israeli territory is a near universal policy among Western nations.
This approach applies equally to West and East Jerusalem and is not affected by the occupation of East Jerusalem in To a large extent it is this approach that still guides the diplomatic behaviour of states and thus has greater force in international law.
Ahlstrom, Steven W. Holloway, Lowell K. Bread, Wine, Walls and Scrolls. Bloomsbury Publishing. Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 30 October Berquist Society of Biblical Lit.
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A collective cry of joy went up when the two-thirds mark was achieved: a state had been sanctioned by the international community. The Zionist movement, except for its fringes, accepted the proposal.
The Arab states hoped to accomplish this by conquering all or large parts of the territory allotted to the Jews by the United Nations. And some Arab leaders spoke of driving the Jews into the sea and ridding Palestine "of the Zionist plague.
But, in public, official Arab spokesmen often said that the aim of the May invasion was to "save" Palestine or "save the Palestinians," definitions more agreeable to Western ears.
Archived from the original on 17 March Netherlands International Law Review. United Nations Department of Public Information.
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Israel claims it no longer occupies the Gaza Strip, maintaining that it is neither a Stale nor a territory occupied or controlled by Israel, but rather it has 'sui generis' status.
Pursuant to the Disengagement Plan, Israel dismantled all military institutions and settlements in Gaza and there is no longer a permanent Israeli military or civilian presence in the territory.
However the Plan also provided that Israel will guard and monitor the external land perimeter of the Gaza Strip, will continue to maintain exclusive authority in Gaza air space, and will continue to exercise security activity in the sea off the coast of the Gaza Strip as well as maintaining an Israeli military presence on the Egyptian-Gaza border.
Israel continues to control six of Gaza's seven land crossings, its maritime borders and airspace and the movement of goods and persons in and out of the territory.
Egypt controls one of Gaza's land crossings. Israel has declared a no-go buffer zone that stretches deep into Gaza: if Gazans enter this zone they are shot on sight.
Gaza is also dependent on israel for inter alia electricity, currency, telephone networks, issuing IDs, and permits to enter and leave the territory.
Israel also has sole control of the Palestinian Population Registry through which the Israeli Army regulates who is classified as a Palestinian and who is a Gazan or West Banker.
Since aside from a limited number of exceptions Israel has refused to add people to the Palestinian Population Registry. Elizabeth Wilmshurst ed.
International Law and the Classification of Conflicts. Even after the accession to power of Hamas, Israel's claim that it no longer occupies Gaza has not been accepted by UN bodies, most States, nor the majority of academic commentators because of its exclusive control of its border with Gaza and crossing points including the effective control it exerted over the Rafah crossing until at least May , its control of Gaza's maritime zones and airspace which constitute what Aronson terms the 'security envelope' around Gaza, as well as its ability to intervene forcibly at will in Gaza.
Gawerc, Michelle Lexington Books. While Israel withdrew from the immediate territory, Israel still controlled all access to and from Gaza through the border crossings, as well as through the coastline and the airspace.
Dowty University of California Press. The Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza is the longest military occupation in modern times.
New Left Review. International Review of the Red Cross. Although the basic philosophy behind the law of military occupation is that it is a temporary situation modem occupations have well demonstrated that rien ne dure comme le provisoire A significant number of post occupations have lasted more than two decades such as the occupations of Namibia by South Africa and of East Timor by Indonesia as well as the ongoing occupations of Northern Cyprus by Turkey and of Western Sahara by Morocco.
The Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories, which is the longest in all occupation's history has already entered its fifth decade.
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A History of Ancient Israel and Judah. Westminster John Knox Press. The material culture of the region exhibits numerous common points between Israelites and Canaanites in the Iron I period c.
The record would suggest that the Israelite culture largely overlapped with and derived from Canaanite culture In short, Israelite culture was largely Canaanite in nature.
Given the information available, one cannot maintain a radical cultural separation between Canaanites and Israelites for the Iron I period.
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As a West Semitic personal name it existed long before it became a tribal or a geographical name. This is not without significance, though is it rarely mentioned.
The word Israel originated as a West Semitic personal name. One of the many names that developed into the name of the ancestor of a clan, of a tribe and finally of a people and a nation.
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Cooper The geography of genocide. University Press of America. Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 17 May Haifa was taken [ Albert of Aachen does not mention the date in a clear manner either.
From what he says, it appears that it was mainly the Jewish inhabitants of the city who defended the fortress of Haifa. In his rather strange Latin style, he mentions that there was a Jewish population in Haifa, and that they fought bravely within the walls of the city.
He explains that the Jews there were protected people of the Muslims the Fatimids. They fought side by side with units of the Fatimid army, striking back at Tancred's army from above the walls of the citadel Judaei civis comixtis Sarracenorum turmis until the Crusaders overcame them and they were forced to abandon the walls.
The Muslims and the Jews then managed to escape from the fortress with their lives, while the rest of the population fled the city en masse.
Whoever remained was slaughtered, and huge quantities of spoils were taken. Resnick CUA Press. Susan B. Edgington Oxford: Clarendon Press, , and Maimonides established a yearly holiday for himself and his sons, 6 Cheshvan , commemorating the day he went up to pray on the Temple Mount, and another, 9 Cheshvan, commemorating the day he merited to pray at the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron.
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The transcript makes it clear that British policy acted as a brake on Jordan. Country Studies. Retrieved 12 February Retrieved 17 June Land and Power.
Northern District. Tel Aviv. Judea and Samaria Area. Tel Aviv Tel Aviv. West Jerusalem Jerusalem. Haifa Haifa.
Ashdod Southern District. Beersheba Southern District. Netanya Central District. Bnei Brak Tel Aviv. Bat Yam Tel Aviv.
Ramat Gan Tel Aviv. Ashkelon Southern District. Jaffa Tel Aviv. Herzliya Tel Aviv. Kfar Saba Central District. Ra'anana Central District. Hadera Haifa.
Bet Shemesh Jerusalem. Lod Central District. Nazareth Northern District. Modiin Ilit Jerusalem. Ramla Central District.
Nahariyya Northern District. Qiryat Ata Haifa. Givatayim Tel Aviv. Kiryat Gat Southern District. Acre Northern District.
Eilat Southern District. Afula Northern District. Hod HaSharon Central District. Kiryat Ono Tel Aviv.
Tiberias Northern District. Qiryat Yam Haifa. Ness Ziona Central District. Qiryat Bialik Haifa. Ramat HaSharon Tel Aviv.
Dimona Southern District. Or Yehuda Tel Aviv. Interessante Orte in Israel Städte. AlSayid Tribe , Southern District. Arad , Southern District.
Ariel , Judea and Samaria Area. Azor , Tel Aviv. Basma , Haifa. Beit Jann , Northern District. Bet Dagan , Central District.
Binyamina-Giv'at Ada , Haifa. Bir Hadaj , Southern District. Bnei Ayish , Central District. Bu'ayna-Nujaydat , Northern District.
Daliyat al Karmel , Haifa. Deir el Asad , Northern District. Er Reina , Northern District. Even Yehuda , Central District. Gan Yavne , Central District.
Ganei Tikva , Central District. Gedera , Central District. Giv'at Shmuel , Tel Aviv. Herzliya Pituah , Tel Aviv.